Land Area of Hong Kong

Hong Kong measures 1104 sq km and is divided into four major areas: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, the New Territories and the Outlying Islands. Hong Kong Island covers 81 sq km, or just over 7% of the total land area. It lies on the southern side of Victoria Harbour, and contains Central, the main business district. Kowloon is a peninsula on the northern side of the harbour. The southern tip, an area called Tsim Sha Tsui (pronounced jìm-sàa-jéui), is a major tourist area. Kowloon only includes the land south of Boundary St, but land reclamation and encroachment into the New Territories gives it an area of about 48 sq km, or just over 4% of the total. The New Territories occupies 747 sq km, or more than 68% of Hong Kong’s land area, and spreads out like a fan between Kowloon and the border with mainland China. What was once the territory’s rural hinterland has become in large part a network of ‘New Towns’. The Outlying Islands refers to the territory’s 234 islands, but does not include Hong Kong Island or Stonecutters Island, which is off the western shore of the Kowloon peninsula and has been absorbed by land reclamation. Officially, the Outlying Islands are part of the New Territories and their 228 sq km make up just over 20% of Hong Kong’s total land area. Almost half the population lives in the New Territories, followed by Kowloon (30%), Hong Kong Island (19%) and the Outlying Islands (2%). A tiny percentage (about 3000 people) live at sea. The overall population density is 6400 people per sq km and the population may already have reached seven million.

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